How do we write an essay?

How do we write an essay?
How do we write an essay?
How do we write an essay?



A well-written essay is not a spontaneous action; it is the result of a long process of thought and work.

 The writing process involves three basic stages: choosing the topic, drafting the essay and editing.

In the first stage, we establish writing strategies, gathering ideas and information about the topic. In the preliminary phase, before writing an essay, it is a good idea to write down on a piece of paper all the key words related to the topic, as well as short sentences that help us to create the necessary links and move from one level to another within the essay.

We draw a first structure of the essay which will be continuously enriched until it is completed.

In the second stage, we analyse all the information and ideas have gathered and draw the direction we want to give to the essay.

Re-reading the essay and editing it involves constant rearranging, deleting, adding, rephrasing the text and ideas. Basically, an essay is never finished.


The target audience for the essay and the topic are factors that influence the content, both in terms of language and tone, and in terms of the difficulty of the text.

There are three basic ways of organising an essay:

Chronological - when the essay has a narrative thread, or when it seeks to explain a process. Topical (topic-based) - most appropriate for the argumentative essay

Spatial (landscape-focused)- is used especially in descriptions.

The three types of essay organisation are not mutually exclusive; they can interact harmoniously within the same essay.

The introduction should have a strong impact on the reader and capture their attention from the first sentence. Short sentences, interjections and a crescendo that builds to a climax are the tools that ensure the success of a good introduction. At the same time, an effective introduction sets the stage for the content.

The essay can be changed and improved throughout the writing process.

The conclusion should be clear, leaving no room for interpretation or ambiguity.


The author may use various transitional formulas that announce a change in content and add coherence by showing the logical connections between sentences, paragraphs or sections of the written work.

An essay should be written grammatically correctly, avoiding disagreements, as well as anacoluths and misuse of artificial meanings or syntax.